Nepalese Biodiversity Strategy


Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered Nepal
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

The Nepal Biodiversity Strategy (NBS) is a commitment by His Majesty’s Government and the people of Nepal for the protection and wise use of the biologically diverse resources of the country, the protection of ecological processes and systems, and the equitable sharing of all ensuing benefits on a sustainable basis, for the benefit of the people and to honour obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity.

This NBS, which was developed through the participation of a broad cross-section of Nepali society, is intended to serve as a guide to all government organisations, the private sector and civil society. It sets objectives for the protection of biological diversity in Nepal and identifies or restates Government policy on natural resources and their diversity.

Mandate for the assessment

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

Convention on Biological Diversity

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

The strategy’s conceptual framework came directly from the Convention on Biological Diversity and the guidance provided by the Convention Secretariat.

System(s) assessed

  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Mountain

Species groups assessed

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Genetic resources


Supporting Services/Functions

Cultural Services

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services

Impacts of change in services on human well-being

Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed

Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started

Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment

One off

Assessment outputs


Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Stakeholder involvement in the strategy was relatively modest.

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process

Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed


Accessibility of data used in assessment

Data used come from the scientific literature on Nepalese biodiversity, which remains weak on genetic diversity. Relatively strong non-governmental organizations are carrying out new fieldwork, thereby enhancing the state of knowledge.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment

Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

The strategy’s policy impact was on government agencies and donors. By 2006, a national implementation plan had identified 13 priority projects, linked to the Millennium Development Goals and the 2010 biodiversity targets agreed by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Biodiversity in Nepal has become more cross-sectoral, contributing to the work of the Poverty Alleviation Fund, climate change and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. Biodiversity coordination committees are also being formed at the district level (in 10 of the 75 districts to date).

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information