Eastern Himalayas

The Himalayas (Eastern)

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment Sub-national
Country or countries covered India
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

The assessment in the eastern Himalayas includes the Darjeeling district expanding over an area of 3149 sq. km in the state of West Bengal in Eastern India.

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

The objectives of the assessment are to examine the trends in ecosystem services, in relation to the direct (Change in Local Land use Pattern, Biotic Pressure, Species Introduction or Removal) and indirect drivers (Population growth, Family Fragmentation, Economic) that affect the ability of ecosystems to provide services essential to human well being. In addition, the assessment will attempt to evaluate various alternative management scenarios and recommend potential response options that could inform policy.

Mandate for the assessment

The aim is to build up the scientific base for future policy frameworks and improve the manner in which ecosystems are being managed in this region. Based upon this future policies can be designed in such a manner that the implementation of the policies also takes into account the management and sustainable conservation of the ecosystem wealth of the region.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted


System(s) assessed

  • Forest and woodland
  • Mountain

Species groups assessed

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Water
  • Medicinal resources
  • Energy/fuel


  • Climate regulation
  • Regulation of water flows
  • Erosion prevention
  • Pollination
  • Maintainence of soil fertility

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Habitat maintenance
  • Soil formation and fertility
  • Life cycle maintenance

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism
  • Aesthetic Enjoyment
  • Inspiration for culture
  • Art and design

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment

One off

Assessment outputs

Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Scenarios

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Not mentioned in the final report

Key stakeholder groups engaged

Not mentioned in the final report

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process

Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Citizen science

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Not mentioned in the final report

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Not mentioned in the final report

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Not mentioned in the final report

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Not mentioned in the final report

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Not mentioned in the final report

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Not mentioned in the final report

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

Not mentioned in the final report

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Not mentioned in the final report

Additional relevant information