Assessment of Indonesian Ecosystem Services as One of Approaches to Developing of National Action Plan for Environmental Management and Protection

Indonesian Ecosystem Services

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered Indonesia
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

South East Asia

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

•To identify the ecosystem services based on ecoregion unit; •To analyze the most important ecosystem services within ecoregion unit; •To analyze direct and non-direct drivers of ecosystem change. •To develop protection and management plan for the environment.

Mandate for the assessment

National Act No. 32/2009 on Environmental Protection and Management mandates the needs of Environmental Management and Protection Planning as one stage in managing the environment. One of methodes used in developing Environmental Management and Protection Planning is Millennium Ecocsystem Assessment.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Urban
  • Wetland
  • Savanna
  • River and Lake

Species groups assessed

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Water
  • Timber/fibres
  • Energy/fuel
  • Other Basic Material


  • Climate regulation
  • Regulation of water flows

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Genetic Resources Preservation

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished

If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish


Periodicity of assessment


Assessment outputs



Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Geospatial analysis

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Technical meeting and workshop

Key stakeholder groups engaged

Related ministries (i.e. Ministry of Forestry, Indonesian Institute of Science, etc), Experts, and Local NGOs

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only
  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Pairwise comparison methode to value the level of importance of certain ecosystem services within ecoregion unit

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Accessibility of numeric data is limited. Therefore, the assessment is also supported by qualitative data.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Capacity building needs is to improve stakeholder knowledge over the following issues: •MEA issue and method of its assessment •Ecosystem classification •Ecosystem valuation

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Network and sharing experiences, Sharing of data/repatriation of data, Workshops

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

The gaps communicated through preliminary workshop involving stakeholders (government, NGO and expert)

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information