Ecosystem Services of Russia. Prototype of National Report. Volume 1. Services of Terrestrial Ecosystems

Prototype Report of ES of Russia

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered Russia
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Units of assessment are subjects of Russian Federation (administrative regions)

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

  • Begin the process of national assessment of ecosystem services (ES) of Russia
  • Describe the full range of services and their diversity; demonstrate importance of ES of Russia to the economy and welfare of people
  • Identify major gaps in data; make recommendations on the formation of the national biodiversity and ES monitoring system

Mandate for the assessment

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Grassland
  • Mountain
  • Dryland
  • Polar

Species groups assessed

all biodiversity

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Timber/fibres
  • Energy/fuel


  • Air quality
  • Climate regulation
  • Regulation of water flows
  • Regulation of water quality
  • Waste treatment
  • Erosion prevention
  • Pollination

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Soil formation and fertility

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment

One off

Assessment outputs


temporary address

Internet resource for the project will be opened in August 2016


Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

http://English poster:

Journal publications

Bukvareva E. Die globale Bedeutung der russischen Ökosystemfunktionen und das Problem der unterschiedlichen Skalen von Ökosystemdienstleistungen // TEEB-Prozesse und Ökosystem-Assessment in Deutschland, Russland und weiteren Staaten des nördlichen Eurasiens. BfN-Skripten 372, Bonn. 2014. P. 92 – 124. (

E. N. Bukvareva, K. Grunewald, S. N. Bobylev, D. G. Zamolodchikov, A. V. Zimenko, O. Bastian. The current state of knowledge of ecosystems and ecosystem services in Russia: A status report // Ambio. May 2015. DOI 10.1007/s13280-015-0674-4

K. Grunewald, A. Zimenko, O. Bastian, E. Bukvareva, A. Grigorian, W. Wende. Bewertung von Ökosystemdienstleistungen in der Russischen Föderation: Erste Schritte im Rahmen des Projektes „TEEBi­Russ“ // TEEB-Prozesse und Ökosystem-Assessment in Deutschland, Russland und weiteren Staaten des nördlichen Eurasiens. BfN-Skripten 372, Bonn. 2014. P. 146 – 161. (

S. Bobylev, E. Bukvareva, V. Grabovsky, A. Danilkin, Yu. Dgebuadze, A. Drozdov, D. Zamolodchikov, G. Kraev, A. Tishkov, O. Filenko, A. Khoroshev. Analyse des gegenwärtigen Wissensstandes über Ökosysteme und Ökosystemdienstleistungen in Russland. Ein Status-quo Report // TEEB-Prozesse und Ökosystem-Assessment in Deutschland, Russland und weiteren Staaten des nördlichen Eurasiens. BfN-Skripten 372, Bonn. 2014. P. 162 – 235. (

Training materials

Other documents/outputs


Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Indicators
  • Social (non-monetary) valuation

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process

Less than 10

Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only
  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

All used data are published and open. The main sources of data are as followes 1. State open databases: 2. Stolbovoi V., and I. McCallum, 2002. CD-ROM "Land Resources of Russia", International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the Russian Academy of Science, Laxenburg, Austria. 3. The map of terrestrial ecosystems of the North Eurasia. Bartalev et al., 2004.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Not yet

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity


How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information