Norwegian Red List for Ecosystems and Habitat types 2011

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

All environments: Terrestrial, freshwater and marine

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

Risk assessment for all ecosystems in Norway to determine threat status.

Mandate for the assessment

To establish an official national red list for ecosystems.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

Red List assessment methodology for ecosystems recently developed by IUCN

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Grassland
  • Mountain

Species groups assessed

No particular. Focus on ecosystems as defined in the national classification system.

Ecosystem services/functions assessed



Supporting Services/Functions

  • Habitat maintenance

Cultural Services

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment


If repeated, how frequently

Planned to be every 5th year

Assessment outputs


Norwegian Red List for Ecosystems and Habitat Types 2011

Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Modelling
  • Geospatial analysis

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

The assessment has been subsequently focused as an independent scientific assessment due to its credibility. The stakeholder involvement has therefor been focused on information activities related to relevant Ministries and the scientific community.

Key stakeholder groups engaged

Scientific community and Ministries of Envorinment and Research and Education.

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Some material in Norwegian only.

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Most of data accessible through a database.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

High political focus. Integreted part of Norway's policy on biodiversity and ecosystems.

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

No specific reviews, but many inputs regarding improved knowledge for revision of this assessment.

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

More capacity needed on several topics.

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Developing/promoting and providing access to support tools, Communication and awareness raising

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Through media coverage, seminars and participation in numerous meetings.

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

Many gaps identified, in particular in marine, coastal and freshwater systems. Also the level of human-induced systems needs improved knowledge.

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Gaps has been adressed in many stakeholder meeting on different levels, and has been promoted in various relevant channels of policy development.

Additional relevant information

This assessment has raised a high focus on ecosystems and knowledge needed to manage these properly and sustainable.