State of Nature report

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered United Kingdom
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

Provide an authoritative assessment of the status and population trends of animals and plants in the United Kingdom and its Overseas Territories

Look at how these patterns vary between habitats and taxonomic groups

Place these patterns of species change in the context of a changing environment, looking at both the key pressures faced and the conservation work being undertaken.

Mandate for the assessment

Monitoring and recording programmes are well developed for many taxonomic groups in the UK and these are used by a variety of organisations to report on species status and population trends for individual species or taxonomic groups.

This means that the government and the public get a variety of messages about wildlife conservation, telling them of both areas of concern and recent conservation successes.

In order to communicate effectively the need for conservation action we need clear, consistent messages about how our wildlife is faring. This realisation led to 25 of the UK’s wildlife organisations coming together to synthesise data on species status and trends across taxa and habitat type and produce the State of Nature report.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

No exisiting framework or methodology was used

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Island
  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Grassland
  • Mountain
  • Dryland
  • Urban

Species groups assessed

All taxonomic groups were included

Ecosystem services/functions assessed



Supporting Services/Functions

Cultural Services

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment


If repeated, how frequently

We plan to repeat the report every three years

Assessment outputs


Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Indicators

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The report was a product of 25 wildlife organisations, listed below. Data for the report was collated from a range of other organisations, including research bodies and statutory government agencies.

Amphibian & Reptile Conservation; Association of British Fungus Groups; Bat Conservation Trust; Biological Records Centre; part of the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology; Botanical Society of the British Isles; British Bryological Society; British Lichen Society; British Mycological Society; British Trust for Ornithology; Buglife; Bumblebee Conservation Trust; Butterfly Conservation; Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland; Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew; Mammal Society; Marine Biological Association; Marine Conservation Society; NBN Gateway; People's Trust for Endangered Species; Plantlife; Pond Conservation (now the Freshwater Habitats Trust); Rothamsted Research; RSPB; Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust; Wildlife Trusts

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only
  • Citizen science

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

The majority of the data synthesised in the report was previously published and by and large freely available on partner organisation websites.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Much effort has been put into communicating the main findings of the report to government, but it is too early to assess the impact on policy and decision making.

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

Our assessment illustrated taxonomic bias in data availability and as well as variation in how well we understand the pressures driving the patterns of species change observed. These are key work areas for the partnership in the coming years.

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information