UK Biodiversity Indicators 2012

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered United Kingdom
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Links to European and global indicators

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

The UK biodiversity indicators were comprehensively reviewed during 2011 and 2012 to ensure they continue to be based on the most robust and reliable available data; and remain relevant to the new international goals and targets. The UK Biodiversity Indicators in Your Pocket 2012 (BIYP 2012) sets out the current set of indicators, which now totals 24 (expanded from 18).

Mandate for the assessment

The UK is a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and is committed to the new biodiversity goals and targets ‘the Aichi targets’ agreed in 2010 and set out in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 - 2020. The UK is also committed to developing and using a set of indicators to report on progress towards meeting these international goals and targets. There are related commitments on biodiversity made by the European Union, and the UK indicators may also be used to assess progress with these.

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

Each indicator is composed of one or more measures which will show trends over time.

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

The methodology is described on and in the UK Biodiversity Indicators in Your Pocket 2012 publication which can be downloaded from:

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Grassland

Species groups assessed

Birds, insects, mammals, plants, freshwater, marine, terrestrial, invasive

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Genetic resources


  • Air quality
  • Regulation of water quality

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Habitat maintenance

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment


If repeated, how frequently

Repeated annually

Assessment outputs


UK Biodiversity Indicators in Your Pocket 2012

Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

The 5th Biodiversity Indicators Forum’s agenda, presentations and draft meeting report are available on the website (

Journal publications

The website includes links to reports and journal articles which underpin the methods for individual indicators

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Indicators
  • Economic valuation
  • Establishing common standards, methods and protocols

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

The UK biodiversity indicators have been developed in a co-operative fashion, with input from government, statutory agencies, non-governmental organisations, and academic institutes. A series of biodiversity indicator forum meetings have been held to debate issues and capture ideas from a variety of stakeholders.

Key stakeholder groups engaged

Government, statutory agencies, non-governmental organisations, academic institutes

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only
  • Citizen science

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Information on statistical approach used in individual indicators fiches. See also ;;

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment Data in each indicator is downloadable from the webpages for each indicator.

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

The UK biodiversity indicators will form a major part of the UK’s 5th National Report to the CBD in 2014 but will be supplemented with other information relating to UK biodiversity and implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020. The indicators may be subject to further review, particularly as the reporting requirements of the EU Biodiversity Strategy and the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive are clarified.

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Project team keep indicators under review on year to year basis

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Network and sharing experiences, Sharing of data/repatriation of data, Workshops, Communication and awareness raising

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Discussion through Indicators Steering Group

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

A gap analysis was conducted during the 5th Biodiversity Indicators Forum,

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

• 5th Biodiversity Indicators Forum • The UK Biodiversity Indicators in Your Pocket 2012 publication

Additional relevant information