Global Environmental Change and Food Systems – Caribbean

The Caribbean (GECAFS)

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment Regional
Country or countries covered Guyana, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

The assessment primarily include member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

  • Investigate how global environmental change affects food security at regional scale;

  • Determine options to adapt regional food systems to cope with both global environmental change and changing demands for food

  • Assess how potential adaptation options will affect the environment, societies and economies

  • Engage the international global environmental change and development communities in policy discussions to improve food security.

Mandate for the assessment

Caribbean Community

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

Global Environmental Change and Food Systems (GECAFS)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land

Species groups assessed

Broad food groups that support Caribbean food security

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Water
  • Medicinal resources
  • Raw materials


  • Moderation of extreme events
  • Regulation of water flows
  • Erosion prevention

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Nutrient cycling
  • Soil formation and fertility
  • Primary production

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish


Periodicity of assessment


Assessment outputs




Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)


Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Scenarios
  • Stakeholder consultations, Response options

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Scenarios developed together with a group of regional experts and stakeholders over the course of two Caribbean scenario workshops. The objectives of this workshop were: • To update participants on the latest GECAFS developments; • To familiarize participants with the concepts, purpose and methodology of scenarios/plausible futures development; • To discuss and agree on the main uncertainties for the region with respect to food systems and GEC developments; • To develop focal questions for the Caribbean GECAFS scenarios and begin the scenario development process.

The main outcome of the first Caribbean scenario workshop was the identification of a set of key driving forces that affect Caribbean food system in the context of GEC. In the second workshop, participants refined and detailed the assumptions of how the key endogenous driving forces identified in the first workshop would unfold in each scenario.

Key stakeholder groups engaged

Multiple stakeholders were involved in the exercise including including atmospheric, environmental and social scientists; political advisors both governmental and from policy relevant institutions; from national, regional and international organisations including those with wealth of experiences in scenario development and stakeholder engagement.

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Skills in Scenario Development

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity


How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information