Knowledge of impacts of climate change on biodiversity in Metropolitain France


Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment National
Country or countries covered Metropolitan France
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

The assessment covered France and neighbouring countries (Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy and Spain)

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

  • To produce an overview of impacts of climate change on biodiversity in Metropolitan France

Mandate for the assessment

Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDTL)

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Inland water
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Grassland
  • Mountain

Species groups assessed

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Water
  • Timber/fibres


Supporting Services/Functions

Cultural Services

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment


Assessment outputs


Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Modelling
  • Geospatial analysis
  • Indicators

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process


Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Scientific information only
  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Free access of the literature in the Data Base

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

  • Setting up a technology watch of impacts of climate change on biodiveristy

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Sharing of data/repatriation of data, Workshops, Communication and awareness raising

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

  • A long-term disability of observation of ecosystem structure, diversity and functioning.

  • A lack of links between modelisation, experimentation and observations.

  • Links between research and management must be developed.

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

A summary paper (synthesis) of the evaluation has been draw up for policy-makers.

Additional relevant information