The Batemans Bay regional trade-offs studies

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment Regional
Country or countries covered Australia
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

South coast, New South Wales

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

develop and apply the core methodologies for exploring trade-offs and synergies among multiple ecosystem services and regional biodiversity

demonstrate the integration of local/regional meaures of biodiversity, capturing the core idea of biodiversity "option values" as a direct contribution to human well-being (for discussion, see e.g. )

Mandate for the assessment

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Other (please specify)

SIRO-MED and Regional sustainability analysis

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Forest and woodland

Species groups assessed

proxies for wholesale biodiversity

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Timber/fibres


  • Regulation of water quality

Supporting Services/Functions

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started

Pre 2000

Year assessment finished

If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment


Assessment outputs



Biodiversity and Regional Sustainability Analysis

Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Faith Daniel P. (2014) Ecosystem services can promote conservation over conversion and protect local biodiversity, but these local win-wins can be a regional disaster. Australian Zoologist Online pp1-10. DOI 10.7882/AZ.2014.031. Available at:

Integrating conservation and forestry production: exploring trade-offs between biodiversity and production in regional land-use assessment

Mediation Support for Forest Land Allocation: The SIRO-MED System. See

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Modelling
  • Trade-off analysis
  • Geospatial analysis
  • Indicators
  • Social (non-monetary) valuation

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

foresters and conservationists, at the SIRO-MED stage

Key stakeholder groups engaged

foresters and conservationists

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process

Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

  • Resource experts (e.g. foresters etc)

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment also see Cocks and Ive paper above and references within

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

general take-up of the framework for trade-offs/synergies based on regional biodiversity measures and variable "costs" (positive and negative)

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

Workshops, Developing/promoting and providing access to support tools

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

the integration of "partial protection" of biodiversity from different land uses can greatly influence regional sustainability, but is limited by lack of knowledge of actual degrees of partial protection (as noted by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). see also

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information