Assir National Park, Saudi Arabia

The Arab Region (Saudi Arabia)

Geographical coverage

Geographical scale of the assessment Single site
Country or countries covered Saudi Arabia
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name

Conceptual framework, methodology and scope

Assessment objectives

  • Reviewing the state of the mountain forest ecosystem in Assir National Park.

  • Determining the main drivers of environmental degradation.

  • Setting scenarios for ecosystem maintenance, and to insure the sustainable productivity of the ecosystem services offered by the park.

Mandate for the assessment

Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)

URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted

System(s) assessed

  • Marine
  • Coastal
  • Forest and woodland
  • Cultivated/Agricultural land
  • Mountain

Species groups assessed

Ecosystem services/functions assessed


  • Food
  • Water
  • Raw materials


  • Air quality
  • Climate regulation
  • Regulation of water flows
  • Erosion prevention

Supporting Services/Functions

  • Primary production

Cultural Services

  • Recreation and tourism

Scope of assessment includes

Drivers of change in systems and services


Impacts of change in services on human well-being


Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed


Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment


Timing of the assessment

Year assessment started


Year assessment finished


If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish

Periodicity of assessment

Assessment outputs


Summary for Decision Makers, Saudi Arabian Millennium Ecosystem Assessment for Assir National Park (2010). Presidency of Meteorology and Environment.

Summary of Chapters, Saudi Arabian Millennium Ecosystem Assessment for Assir National Park (2010). Presidency of Meteorology and Environment.

Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)

Journal publications

Training materials

Other documents/outputs

Tools and processes

Tools and approaches used in the assessment

  • Scenarios
  • Economic valuation
  • Social (non-monetary) valuation
  • Stakeholder consultations, response options

Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component

Key stakeholder groups engaged

The number of people directly involved in the assessment process

Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge

Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment

Assessment reports peer reviewed



Accessibility of data used in assessment

Policy impact

Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions

Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment


Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews

Capacity building

Capacity building needs identified during the assessment

Actions taken by the assessment to build capacity

How have gaps in capacity been communicated to the different stakeholders

Knowledge generation

Gaps in knowledge identified from the assessment

How gaps in knowledge have been communicated to the different stakeholders

Additional relevant information