Nepalese Biodiversity Strategy
|Geographical scale of the assessment||National|
|Country or countries covered||Nepal|
|Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name|
Geographical scale of the assessment
Country or countries covered
Any other necessary information or explanation for identifying the location of the assessment, including site or region name
Conceptual framework, methodology and scope
The Nepal Biodiversity Strategy (NBS) is a commitment by His Majesty’s Government and the people of Nepal for the protection and wise use of the biologically diverse resources of the country, the protection of ecological processes and systems, and the equitable sharing of all ensuing benefits on a sustainable basis, for the benefit of the people and to honour obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
This NBS, which was developed through the participation of a broad cross-section of Nepali society, is intended to serve as a guide to all government organisations, the private sector and civil society. It sets objectives for the protection of biological diversity in Nepal and identifies or restates Government policy on natural resources and their diversity.
Mandate for the assessment
Conceptual framework and/or methodology used for the assessment
Other (please specify)
Convention on Biological Diversity
URL or copy of conceptual framework developed or adapted
The strategy’s conceptual framework came directly from the Convention on Biological Diversity and the guidance provided by the Convention Secretariat.
- Inland water
- Forest and woodland
- Cultivated/Agricultural land
Species groups assessed
Ecosystem services/functions assessed
- Genetic resources
Scope of assessment includes
Drivers of change in systems and services
Impacts of change in services on human well-being
Options for responding/interventions to the trends observed
Explicit consideration of the role of biodiversity in the systems and services covered by the assessment
Timing of the assessment
Year assessment started
Year assessment finished
If ongoing, year assessment is anticipated to finish
Periodicity of assessment
Communication materials (e.g. brochure, presentations, posters, audio-visual media)
Tools and processes
Tools and approaches used in the assessment
Process used for stakeholder engagement in the assessment process and which component
Stakeholder involvement in the strategy was relatively modest.
Key stakeholder groups engaged
The number of people directly involved in the assessment process
Incorporation of scientific and other types of knowledge
Supporting documentation for specific approaches, methodology or criteria developed and/or used to integrate knowledge systems into the assessment
Assessment reports peer reviewed
Accessibility of data used in assessment
Data used come from the scientific literature on Nepalese biodiversity, which remains weak on genetic diversity. Relatively strong non-governmental organizations are carrying out new fieldwork, thereby enhancing the state of knowledge.
Impacts the assessment has had on policy and/or decision making, as evidenced through policy references and actions
Independent or other review on policy impact of the assessment
Lessons learnt for future assessments from these reviews
The strategy’s policy impact was on government agencies and donors. By 2006, a national implementation plan had identified 13 priority projects, linked to the Millennium Development Goals and the 2010 biodiversity targets agreed by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Biodiversity in Nepal has become more cross-sectoral, contributing to the work of the Poverty Alleviation Fund, climate change and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. Biodiversity coordination committees are also being formed at the district level (in 10 of the 75 districts to date).